Dentures are artificial substitutes used for the purpose of partially or completely replacing lost teeth.  They are designed to look and function like your own natural teeth and surrounding gum tissues.


What are the factors leading to loss of teeth?
Teeth loss occurs mainly due to three main factors

  • Dental  decay
  • Periodontal or gum disease
  • Trauma 

How will loss of teeth affect you?
Unless replaced, loss of natural teeth can have several negative effects on your emotional, physical and general well being. It can affect

  • The chewing of food
  • Occlusion or bite due to the tendency for the adjacent and opposing teeth to move into the space created by the loss of teeth
  • The external appearance, as a result of change in structure and support due to loss of teeth resulting in
    • Sagging cheeks and altered lip appearance
    • An aged appearance
    • Low self confidence
  • Shrinkage of the bone in the area

What are the types of dentures offered by the Leeds dentists?
The Leeds dentists are capable of offering you various types of dentures depending on your dental assessment, suitability and needs. These include

  • PARTIAL DENTURES – used to replace a few teeth.  They are held in place through their close physical contact with the underlying tissue and intervening saliva. Both removable and fixed partial dentures are offered by the Leeds dentists.
    Removable partial dentures – These facilitate the replacement of many teeth and can be placed and removed by oneself. Removable partial dentures offered by Leeds dentists are made of either

Acrylic

  • A combination of acrylic with metallic framework known as cast partial dentures – where metal used in the metal framework may be gold based or chrome cobalt alloy.  These are superior in nature to the acrylic dentures. The metallic clasps of the cast partial dentures help to keep the denture in place by holding onto the remaining teeth.

Fixed partial dentures – These are fixed and cannot be removed for cleaning.  They facilitate the replacement of only a few teeth.  Fixed partial dentures are made of either

  • Porcelain
  • Metallic alloy – gold alloys or chrome cobalt alloys. Due to their unaesthetic appearance metallic fixed partial dentures are generally used to replace the back teeth only. However, they can be used to replace the front teeth by giving an acrylic or porcelain facing.

  COMPLETE DENTURES – used to replace all or either of the upper and lower teeth. They are made to closely fit in with the underlying tissues. .  They are held in place through this close physical contact with the underlying tissue and intervening saliva, and mechanical means such as springs, magnets, or use of denture adhesives may also be utilised for this purpose

IMMEDIATE DENTURES – If teeth need to be extracted, an immediate denture may be put in to enable the gums and surrounding tissue to heal properly, and also to avoid any embarrassment for you. To facilitate this, the Leeds dentist may take the impressions of you gum. The immediate denture is fabricated and placed in the mouth at the next appointment immediately after the removal of your teeth. The immediate dentures are temporary replacements and will be replaced after 3-4 months and after the gums have properly healed by a new well fitting denture.
What are the Leeds dentures made of? Dentures consist of two parts The denture base – Made of acrylic resin and coloured pink to resemble the oral gum tissues. Also fabricated from metals such as chromium cobalt alloy or certain titanium alloys. Teeth – Made of acrylic resins or porcelain and are available in various sizes, forms and colours as per your requirements

How are dentures fitted in by your Leeds dentist?
Making and insertion of dentures will take from 5 to 7 appointments depending upon the dental health, condition of oral tissues and patient convenience.
Initial consultation

  • The Leeds dentist will conduct a thorough dental assessment to check for suitability of dentures
  • The dental history is gathered and a detailed oral examination is performed to assess the health of the gums
  • Based on the findings, the Leeds dentist will advice you on the options of dentures, cost, procedure, and the need for gum treatment, surgery and tooth extraction prior to the procedure

Ist appointment

The Leeds dentist will extract teeth, as and if required
2nd appointment

  • If teeth had been extracted during the previous appointment, the second appointment is generally scheduled after 4 weeks allowing sufficient time for the gums to heal and the underlying bone to remodel.
  • During the second appointment the Leeds dentist takes an exact impression of the oral tissues to fabricate the dentures that will exactly fit your mouth

3rd appointment
Positioning of teeth to be placed is determined by the Leeds dentist using wax rim
4th appointment or the Trial
The Leeds dentist tries out the dentures with the teeth still embedded in wax, modifying the appearance of the front teeth to increase their aesthetic value.
5th appointment
The Leeds dentist will fit in your final denture
6th and 7th appointment
The Leeds dentist will check for any problems and repair them

Note – In cases wheresurgical reshaping of the jawbone is required the denture fitting in procedure will begin only after the post surgery-healing period.  Surgical reshaping is crucial if your dental foundation, the bony ridge, requires improvement. Though this can be improved in most cases through simple massaging, at times, surgical procedures such as bone grafting, trimming of sharp areas of the bone or removal of bone tissues that are excessively mobile become necessary.  Will the dentures made by the Leeds dentist resemble my natural teeth? Yes, the Leeds dentist take great pains to create a natural look for your dentures by Replicating irregularities and deviations of colour common in natural teeth – such as stains Giving different form patterns of teeth to suit you – Angular forms of teeth for males and curved tooth form for females   What are possible side effects to expect once the dentures have been fitted in?

  • Sores – Most often even the best-made dentures can cause soreness in the underlying tissues. This may be as a result of a sharp spot on the denture or a sharp bony area in the tissues themselves. Let your Leeds dentist know about such irritations so that necessary modifications can be made in the denture to provide relief.
  • Sore mouth – an inflammatory condition of the tissues beneath the dentures, causing them to appear reddish and create a burning sensation. This occurs as a result of an allergic reaction to the denture base material and is often aggravated by bad oral hygiene and unclean dentures.
  • Problems of speaking – Initially you may have trouble speaking well with the new dentures, however it is only a matter of time before you learn to adapt and talk properly.  Read aloud from a book or newspaper to help yourself adapt quickly to the new dentures.  If speaking problems persist, meet your Leeds dentist to check if there are issues with the denture such as improper tooth positioning, dentures, excessive denture thickness, etc.
  • Click of dentures while speaking – This is perfectly normal if porcelain teeth are used for the dentures.  However, this can also occur as a result of upper and lower teeth meeting prematurely, when the teeth in the denture have been positioned too high.

Living with your dentures

Getting used to the dentures
Every artificial substitute has its limitations and the same holds true for your dentures.  You may need some time to adapt to your dentures, though for certain people this can be a fast process. It may also take one to two appointments after their insertion for your Leeds dentist to correct the dentures for your apt use based on identification of pressure points in the denture that have created irritation and denture sores.

Taking care of your dentures

  1. Food restrictions
  • Avoid hard foods like raw carrots, nuts, etc.
  • Cut soft food into small pieces before eating
  • Chew the food on both sides of the mouth simultaneously

  1. Cleaning the dentures
  • Use special denture brushes and cleaning solutions to clean the dentures
  • If the dentures are removable, make sure to keep them in water when not in your mouth to keep them clean as well as prevent them from drying up.  If they dry up, they will not be ale to fit properly onto the underlying tissues.

  1. Safeguarding the dentures
  • Make sure that you don’t drop dentures as they may break

  1. Rest to the dentures – Since, the dentures cause a lot of strain on the underlying tissues, they must be given adequate rest to recover.  This is usually possible when the denture wearer is asleep or as in the case of removable dentures, when they are taken out at night before sleeping.

  1. Repairing dentures
  • Broken dentures
    Dentures if broken can be repaired by your Leeds dentist.  The dentures will be checked for their fit once repaired.
  • Replacing dentures
    In the course of time the tissues holding the dentures will undergo change in shape and form and as a result the dentures will lose their fit causing injury and irritation to the underlying tissues.  The acrylic artificial teeth also begin to wear off and lose their initial ability to cut and chew food effectively.  Hence, have your dentures replaced after every 5 years.
  • Rebasing and relining – Making your old dentures fit well
    As explained before, dentures will lose their fit in the due course of time. Rebasing and relining are techniques used to improve and re-establish the fit of your old dentures. 
    Rebasing – In this technique, the entire base of the old denture is replaced by a new one while retaining the old teeth
    Relining – When there is only a slight loosening of the denture, a thin layer of material is added to the existing base to improve its fit